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What to know about a headache behind the eyes

Headaches behind the eyes are common, and they may result from underlying health issues ranging from eye strain to migraine.

Eyestrain
Focusing and refocusing on a screen for long periods can cause eye strain, which can also result from problems with vision.

Fatigue from eye strain can cause pain behind one or both eyes. A person may also experience pain in their eyes or blurry vision.

Causes

Some underlying health issues that cause eye strain include:

optic neuritis, which is inflammation of the optic nerve.
scleritis, which is severe inflammation of the white part of the eye
glaucoma, a disease that affects the optic nerve
Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder
Staring at a computer, TV, or phone screen for long periods can also cause eye strain.

Migraine

In addition to a migraine headache, a person may experience:

  • eye pain
  • dizziness
  • weakness
  • nausea
  • sensitivity to light and sound
  • mood changes
  • vomiting
  • impaired vision

Causes

While doctors are unsure what, precisely, causes migraine, they recognize several common triggers. These are not the same for everyone.

Migraine triggers may be:

emotional, such as stress or anxiety
dietary, such as chocolate or alcohol
physicals, such as a lack of sleep or poor posture
hormonal, such as menstruation
environmental, such as strong smells, smoke, or flickering lights
medication-related, involving sleeping pills or hormone therapies, for example
And More Problems Like
Sinusitis
Cluster headaches
Tension headaches

Treatment
Avoiding the various factors below can often help relieve or prevent pain behind the eyes:

  • loud noises
  • strong perfume and other odors
  • infections
  • alcohol use
  • hunger
  • stress
  • changes in hormones
  • fatigue
  • bright lights
  • a lack of sleep

Over-the-counter pain medication can often relieve mild or moderate headaches, but when the pain is severe, prescription medication may be necessary.

Utsav Eye Clinic

Dr. Anand Kumar

Kharghar Navi Mumbai

Utsav Eye Clinic: Eye Clinic in Kharghar | Eye Specialist Doctor

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Computer Vision Syndrome – Most Popular Eye Problem Amongst Youngsters

Eye Problems Due to Prolong Use of Mobiles, Tablets, Laptops, Desktops & Televisions, etc.
Since technology is such an integral part of our life, most of us spend many hours staring at screens today, whether they are computers, televisions, or our smartphones. This can cause severe strain on our eyes and vision, and lead to many symptoms like headaches, watery eyes, gritty eyes, sore and red eyes, along with neck and back strain. Computer Vision Syndrome refers to such a state where our eyes start getting these sorts of symptoms over a period.

Working adults aren’t the only ones who are dealing with Computer Vision Syndrome. Even children, who use tablets and gaming devices have seen an increase in the symptoms.

Causes of a Computer Vision Syndrome
There are four main reasons for this syndrome:

Staring at a bright, lit screen means your rate of blinking decreases. This causes dry eyes which causes symptoms like grittiness, foreign body sensation, “sand in eyes” feeling, redness and soreness of eyes.
Prolonged staring for near vision results in convergence spasm of the small eye muscles since the eyes are not geared for prolonged near work. This causes headaches, and also sometimes, inability to focus.
Neck and back staring are the result of improper posture and improper positioning of the computer screen or desk, and also using inappropriate chairs. Reading in bed from screen devices also causes significant problems.
You’re more likely prone to this syndrome if you all ready have any preexisting dryness of the eyes, or if you are not wearing the correct power of glasses.

Treatment of Computer Vision Syndrome
Computer Vision Syndrome is a lifestyle disease, and therefore, its prevention is better than its cure. Minor lifestyle modifications can ensure that you enjoy all your screen devices without any hassles.

The changes that you can easily make in your life to avoid the syndrome include:

Limit screen time: Make sure you are aware of the amount of time you spend on-screen devices and try to decrease your dependence on smartphones.
Ensure proper posture: Make sure your keyboard is positioned to support your wrists, and your computer screen is positioned so that you can look down on the monitor. Optimally, the computer screen should be 15 to 20 degrees below eye level (about 4 or 5 inches) as measured from the center of the screen and 20 to 28 inches from the eyes. Do not read off-screen devices in bed, or in a semi-reclining
Take appropriate breaks: Do not stare at a screen without taking breaks. Remember to follow the 20-20-20 rule; take a 20-second break to view something 20 feet away every 20 minutes.
Think and Blink: Remember to blink since blinking helps redistribute the tear film, and prevents dryness of the eyes.
Proper light: Ensure that there is proper ambient lighting and do not work in the dark. Also, avoid glare from screens by adjusting its brightness, and ensuring the adequate position of ambient lights.
Wear spectacles: Make sure your vision problems are treated, and your eyeglasses prescription is up to date. Limit the use of contact lenses since they aggravate dryness and strain.
Use teardrops: Use over the counter, preservative-free lubricating eye drops to soothe your eyes. Do not use honey, rosewater or other home remedies. Do not self-medicate, or use steroid drops unless prescribed by an ophthalmologist.
See your eye doctor: In case your symptoms persist, please make sure you seek a comprehensive eye examination with your eye doctor since these symptoms can sometimes signify other diseases including undiagnosed refractive errors.

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Dr. Anand Kumar

Utsav Eye Clinic

Kharghar Navi Mumbai

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Squint Treatment for Adults by Utsav Eye Clinic

Can anything be done for adults with strabismus (misaligned eyes)?
Yes. Both the variations of adult squint can usually be treated with excellent results. Your doctor will suggest either a surgical or non-surgical treatment, depending on the cause, duration, and severity of the squint.

 

What causes squint in adults?
The reasons for squint in children and adults are different.

A latent childhood squint may become prominent with eye strain in the later stage of life.
A loss of vision in one eye can result in its outward deviation.
New squint that develops in an adult can be due to disorders of thyroid eye disease, myasthenia gravis, trauma, stroke or tumors.
Sometimes, your doctor cannot determine an identifiable cause for the squint, and these are called idiopathic.
What are the signs and symptoms of squint?
The most noticeable sign of squint, of course, is the misalignment of eyes, which can be noted by the patient, as well as by the observer. Associated symptoms of squint include:

Eye fatigue and tiredness around the eyes
Double vision which can be very annoying, and often leads to intractable headaches
Overlapped or blurred images causing confusion
Difficulty in reading and near work
Loss of depth perception resulting in stumbling and past pointing

What are the benefits of squint surgery in adults?
Many people are of the view that squint surgery in adults is strictly a cosmetic procedure. That is usually not true, and in fact, the operation can result in a significant functional gain. It causes:

Improvement in eye alignment, making the gaze straight
Remove, or at least significantly decrease, diplopia or double vision
Decrease eye fatigue
Provide a definite cosmetic growth, resulting in better social and professional interactions

Who treats squint in adults?
An eye specialist who has had specialized training in strabismus is the most qualified to treat any misalignment of eyes. Usually, ophthalmologists who specialize in the care of children, pediatric ophthalmologists, are also trained in a squint, since the disease is more common in children. That shouldn’t deter you from seeking an appointment with the doctor.

That said, you must evaluate your comfort level with the doctor, his or her bedside manner, credentials, and the hospital/ operation theater facilities before deciding on who can best take care of your eyes.

 

Utsav Eye Clinic

Dr. Anand Kumar

Utsav Eye Clinic: Eye Clinic in Kharghar | Eye Specialist Doctor

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MYTHS & FACTS! in CATARACT: By Utsav Eye Clinic

Myth: Cataract is an old age problem

Fact: Most cataracts are senile but can occur at any age. They can also be congenital or caused by steroid intake, injury, diabetes or eye inflammations.

 

Myth: Cataract can be prevented by medicines, diet, eye exercise or yoga/Cataract can be cured by eye drops, diet or yoga.

Fact: There is no prevention or medical cure for cataracts. The only definitive treatment is cataract surgery. To your surprise, some early cataracts may never progress and may require no treatment if they are not causing any problem in the vision.

Myth: Cataract surgery should be delayed and done only when it matures or ripens.

Fact: The best time to get the surgery done is when you start having early vision problems. There is no point in delaying the surgery too much as the ultrasonic system works faster and is safer on softer cataracts than the hard or mature ones.

Myth: Is it true that cataracts can be removed with lasers without an incision? Or the complete surgery is bladeless and doe with laser only?

Fact: There is no surgery possible without an incision. A cataract is opacity or clouding of the natural lens, which is removed by ultrasonic fragmentation of cataract into tiny pieces by a phaco probe and sucked through a small incision (2.2mm). At present, we are using the Femto laser-bladeless technique of operating cataracts. This technique creates incisions, then the circular opening of the anterior capsule and partial nucleus fragments, which is further followed by routine phacoemulsification with the insertion of the foldable intraocular lens. Hence, laser assists in few steps of phaco surgery but does not completely replace it.

 

Utsav Eye Clinic

Dr. Anand Kumar

Utsav Eye Clinic: Eye Clinic in Kharghar | Eye Specialist Doctor

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The Stages of Post-Cataract Surgery Recovery By Utsav Eye Clinic

Cataract surgery is most often an outpatient procedure, so you will be able to go home the same day your cataract is removed. This means that most of the recovery process will be at home, with some follow-up visits to your ophthalmologist to make sure your eye is healing properly. It is important to closely follow your ophthalmologist’s guidelines for recovery, so you are at less risk of developing complications from the procedure, like inflammation, infection, swelling in the retina, detached retina or lens, pain, and vision loss.

 

Your ophthalmologist will give you a more detailed schedule of recovery time and expectations, but here are some general recommendations to follow after cataract surgery.
Immediately after surgery:
Once cataract surgery has been completed, and your time in the recovery area has allowed any remaining anesthesia to clear, you can return home. Because your vision will be impacted immediately after surgery, it is not safe to drive yourself home.

.Normal side effects on the first day after surgery include:

  • Watery eyes.
  • Feeling like you have grit in your eyes.
  • Blurry or double vision.
  • A red or bloodshot eye.

You may receive medicated eye drops to treat the pain. You should also receive a pair of prescription sunglasses to protect your eyes from the glare of the sun or lights, and it is important to wear these for the length of time recommended by your ophthalmologist. To ensure the safety of your eyes overnight, you may also receive an eye patch or a protective visor to wear to bed so your eye is not hit or poked in your sleep.

Recommendations for Care After Cataract Surgery

In the days and weeks after your surgery, it is recommended that you:

Use prescription eye drops as detailed by your ophthalmologist.
Follow all the recommendations of your ophthalmologist and/or eye surgeon.
Rest and relax for two to three days.
Use your eye shield every night for at least one week.
Wear the eye shield while showering, especially if washing your hair.
Perform normal, low-impact activities like using a computer, reading, or watching TV as normal.
Avoid swimming during recovery for four to eight weeks.
It is important to avoid:

Rubbing your eye.
Getting foreign objects in your eye, like shampoo.
Performing strenuous activities like running or yoga.
Driving before getting the all-clear from your eye doctor.
Flying without your doctor’s knowledge and approval.
You can return to work a few days or weeks after the procedure, depending on what type of job you have.

 

Utsav Eye Clinic

Dr. Anand Kumar

Utsav Eye Clinic: Eye Clinic in Kharghar | Eye Specialist Doctor

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Three Things You MUST Know Before You Go For Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is a medical procedure that most people will eventually have to go through at some point in life. It’s relatively safe and highly successful eye surgery. However, issues can arise if you have a coexisting retinal disease or other ocular conditions. Dr Anand Kumar, Eye Specialist in Kharghar discusses the common issues that may be co-existing with cataract.

As cataracts develop they make it harder for us to see because the lens becomes opaque – like a dirty window. Once the cloudy cataract is surgically replaced with a clear new lens, we usually see better instantly.

Fortunately, there are things that we can do to prevent this. Here are five things we can do to prevent complications and sudden vision loss after cataract surgery:

1- Take an anti-oxidant, retinal support vitamin formula and take omega 3’s. A green-drink (spirulina, chlorella, algae) will help as well for healing, protecting and nourishing the retina. Liposomal Vitamin C can help if retinal edema becomes present or can be used for prevention.
2- After surgery, it is better to wear UV protective eyewear ANY TIME YOU ARE OUTSIDE during the day… rain or shine! Your eyes are simply not used to the intense UV rays – we can’t just apply sunblock to our retinas. Therefore, we need to use sunglasses to protect our eyes.

4- Wear a hat when you are outside for additional protection from harmful UV rays – especially on rainy days. Protect yourself with sunglasses and a hat for at least 6 weeks after your cataract surgery.

Remember the top three factors that contribute to accelerated vision loss are 1) oxidative stress, 2) inflammation and 3) impaired blood flow. UV radiation accelerates oxidative stress and therefore vision loss in many cases. Taking anti-oxidants and using protection will minimize UV-oxidative stress on the retina and optic nerve.
Discuss about use of anti oxidants with your Eye specialist in Kharghar before starting them.

Dr. Anand Kumar
Utsav Eye Clinic

Utsav Eye Clinic: Eye Clinic in Kharghar | Eye Specialist Doctor

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Health Eye Safety Tips for Diwali by Utsav Eye Clinic

Diwali is the festival of light. Perhaps its most iconic celebration is the colorful and dazzling display of fireworks that lights up the night sky. As beautiful as it looks, fireworks account for thousands of emergency room visits each year during the festival. The majority of injuries that impact eye health occur in bystanders. In fact, the eyes are the second-most common affected area after the hands and fingers.  As expected, the leading cause of injuries on Diwali is the lack of appropriate safety measures while lighting fireworks.

 


Due to serious issues like eye health and safety risks involved, medical experts strongly discourage firework play of any kind. A safer alternative is watching authorized laser and firework displays operated by licensed professionals. But if you still want to use fireworks as part of your celebrations, please ensure you take the following safety precautions at all times:

*Store fireworks in a closed box in a safe location, away from the reach of children

*Avoid sparklers that reach temperatures as high as 1000°C – high enough to melt gold and cause serious injury

*Keep fireworks away from the face, hair, and clothing

*Maintain a distance of an arm’s length while lighting firecrackers, and at least five meters while watching

*Defuse used fireworks properly by soaking them in a bucket of water before disposal

In case of an accident, contact emergency medical services immediately. Do not rub, rinse or apply ointment to the eye. It may make the injury worse or difficult to examine.
By taking these simple precautions for good eye health, you will be able to enjoy fireworks on Diwali without worrying about the safety of your loved ones. Happy celebrations!

Utsav Eye Clinic

Dr. Anand Kumar

Utsav Eye Clinic: Eye Clinic in Kharghar | Eye Specialist Doctor

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Everything you need to know about Cataract By Utsav Eye Clinic Kharghar, Navi Mumbai

If you’re over 50 and your vision has gotten blurry or cloudy, you may have cataracts. It’s a common condition in older adults, and it can be treated by your eye doctor. Dr. Anand Kumar, Cataract Surgeon in Kharghar discusses the common question regarding Cataracts,

 

 

What Is a Cataract?
A cataract is a dense, cloudy area that forms in the lens of the eye. A cataract begins when proteins in the eye form clumps that prevent the lens from sending clear images to the retina. The retina works by converting the light that comes through the lens into signals. It sends the signals to the optic nerve, which carries them to the brain.

 

Symptoms of Cataracts
Common symptoms of cataracts include:

  • blurry vision
  • trouble seeing at night
  • seeing colors as faded
  • increased sensitivity to glare
  • halos surrounding lights
  • double vision in the affected eye
  • a need for frequent changes in prescription glasses

What Causes Cataracts?
There are several underlying causes of cataracts. These include:

overproduction of oxidants, which are oxygen molecules that have been chemically altered due to normal daily life

  • smoking
  • ultraviolet radiation
  • the long-term use of steroids and other medications
  • certain diseases, such as diabetes
  • trauma
  • radiation therapy

Types of Cataracts
There are different types of cataracts. They’re classified based on where and how they develop in your eye.

  • Nuclear cataracts form in the middle of the lens and cause the nucleus, or the center, to become yellow or brown.
  • Cortical cataracts are wedge-shaped and form around the edges of the nucleus.
  • Posterior capsular cataracts form faster than the other two types and affect the back of the lens.
  • Congenital cataracts, which are present at birth or form during a baby’s first year, are less common than age-related cataracts.
  • Secondary cataracts are caused by disease or medications. Diseases that are linked with the development of cataracts include glaucoma and diabetes. The use of the steroid prednisone and other medications can sometimes lead to cataracts.
  • Traumatic cataracts develop after an injury to the eye, but it can take several years for this to happen.
  • Radiation cataracts can form after a person undergoes radiation treatment for cancer.

Risk Factors of Cataracts
Risk factors associated with cataracts include:

  • older age
  • heavy alcohol use
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • previous eye injuries
  • a family history of cataracts
  • too much sun exposure
  • diabetes
  • exposure to radiation from X-rays and cancer treatments

Treatment of Cataracts

Surgery is the only way to get rid of a cataract, but you may not need to get surgery right away. Your doctor might suggest surgery if your cataracts start getting in the way of everyday activities like reading, driving, or watching TV. During cataract surgery, the doctor removes the clouded lens and replaces it with a new, artificial lens (also called an intraocular lens, or IOL).


If you’re unable or uninterested in surgery, your doctor may be able to help you manage your symptoms. They may suggest stronger eyeglasses, magnifying lenses, or sunglasses with an anti-glare coating.

Prevention of Cataracts
To reduce your risk of developing cataracts:

  • protect your eyes from UVB rays by wearing sunglasses outside
  • have regular eye exams
  • stop smoking
  • eat fruits and vegetables that contain antioxidants
  • maintain a healthy weight

keep diabetes and other medical conditions in check

 

Dr. Anand Kumar

Utsav Eye Clinic

Utsav Eye Clinic: Eye Clinic in Kharghar | Eye Specialist Doctor

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Why am I seeing double? by Utsav Eye Clinic

Double vision occurs when a person sees a double image where there should only be one. The two images can be side by side, on top of one another, or both.

Fast facts on double vision

  • Here are some key points about double vision. More detail is in the main article.
  • Double vision, or diplopia, can result from a range of underlying conditions.
  • Diplopia can affect just one eye or both.
  • A childhood squint, or eye turn, can sometimes recur and cause double vision.
  • Temporary double vision can be caused by alcohol or other recreational drugs.
  • Treatments can include surgery, eye exercises, or corrective lenses.

Causes:-
Nerve or muscle damage in the eye might cause double vision.

Each eye creates its own image of the environment. The brain combines the representations from each eye and perceives them as one clear picture.

Damage to the muscles that move the eyes or the nerves that control eye movement can create a double image.

The eyes must work together to create depth of field.

Certain illnesses can weaken the muscles moving the eyes and produce double vision.

Causes of binocular double vision:-

A common cause of binocular double vision is a squint or strabismus.
Thyroid dysfunction:

  • Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).
  • Aneurysm:
  • Convergence insufficiency
  • Diabetes:
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Black eye
  • Head injury

Causes of monocular double vision:- 

  • Astigmatism
  • Dry eye
  • Keratoconus
  • Retinal abnormalities
  • Cataracts

Temporary double vision:-
Double vision can sometimes be temporary. Alcohol intoxication, benzodiazepines, opioids, or certain medications for seizures and epilepsy sometimes cause this. Head injuries, such as concussions, can also cause temporary double vision.

Diagnosis:-
Diagnosing double vision can be challenging for an eye specialist because there are so many possible causes.The specialist will start by asking whether the double vision is monocular or binocular.

If the double vision is monocular, it means that the problem is more likely to be within the eye, rather than in the nerves. It is likely to be less serious.

Diagnosis in children
Children cannot always express what they see, and this can make diagnosis difficult.

Physical signs of double vision include:

  • squinting or narrowing the eyes to see
  • covering one eye with their hand
  • turning their head in an unusual way
  • looking at objects from the side rather than facing forward
  • flicking eyes side to side, between images

Treatment:-
This will depend on the underlying cause.
Visit your Doctor
Dr. Anand Kumar
Utsav Eye Clinic

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Every Thing you need to know about Diabetic Retinopathy By Utsav Eye Clinic

Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).

At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness.

The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or types 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you are to develop this eye complication.

Symptoms
You might not have symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. As the condition progresses, diabetic retinopathy symptoms may include:

-Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters)
-Blurred vision
-Fluctuating vision
-Impaired color vision
-Dark or empty areas in your vision
-Vision loss
-Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.

When to see a doctor
Careful management of your diabetes is the best way to prevent vision loss. If you have diabetes, see your eye doctor for a yearly eye exam with dilation — even if your vision seems fine. Pregnancy may worsen diabetic retinopathy, so if you’re pregnant, your eye doctor may recommend additional eye exams throughout your pregnancy.

Contact your eye doctor right away if your vision changes suddenly or becomes blurry, spotty or hazy

Causes
Over time, too much sugar in your blood can lead to the blockage of the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina, cutting off its blood supply. As a result, the eye attempts to grow new blood vessels. But these new blood vessels don’t develop properly and can leak easily.

There are two types of diabetic retinopathy:

(1)Early diabetic retinopathy.
(2)Advanced diabetic retinopathy

Risk factors
Anyone who has diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. Risk of developing eye condition can increase as a result of:

Duration of diabetes — the longer you have diabetes, the greater your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy
-Poor control of your blood sugar level
-High blood pressure
-High cholesterol
-Pregnancy
-Tobacco use

Complications
Diabetic retinopathy involves the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. Complications can lead to serious vision problems:

-Vitreous hemorrhage.
-Retinal detachment.
-Glaucoma
-Blindness
Prevention
You can’t always prevent diabetic retinopathy. However, regular eye exams, good control of your blood sugar and blood pressure, and early intervention for vision problems can help prevent severe vision loss.

If you have diabetes, reduce your risk of getting diabetic retinopathy by doing the following:
-Manage your diabetes.
-Monitor your blood sugar level.
-Ask your doctor about a glycosylated hemoglobin test.
-Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.
-If you smoke or use other types of tobacco, ask your doctor to help you quit
-Pay attention to vision changes.
Remember, diabetes doesn’t necessarily lead to vision loss. Taking an active role in diabetes management can go a long way toward preventing complications.
Treatment: If you have retinopathy you’ll need prompt surgical treatment. Depending on the specific problems with your retina, options may include Photocoagulation.

or Visit Utsav Eye Clinic 

Utsav Eye Clinic: Eye Clinic in Kharghar | Eye Specialist Doctor

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